- ""

 

ﳿ   "-", , E-mail: mark@leonorm.lviv.ua ... : 1-2 .

Ūֲ Ͳ (RUS)

 

̲Ͳ ί ˲

31.05.2024

.

N 1692

̳
28 2024 . N 975/42320

() ,

³   21 " , , , ' ", 23 㳿 IV ( ) IV " , ' " , , , 㳿 -, ,   ̳ 24 2016 N 228-, 249 , , , 㳿 -, ,   ̳ 25 2017 N 1106, 8 ̳ ,   ̳ 17 2021 N 124,

:

1. () , , .

2. , ,  ̳ 24 2021 N 610-21 " , ", ̳ 11 2021 N 1480/37102.

3. ̳ .

4. .

5. ̳ '.

 

' ̳

:

 



̳ '

³

 


̳
31 2024 N 1692


() ,

I.

1. ֳ :

, () , , ( - (PCBs)), ( - (PCBs)) ;

() , (PCBs) ;

() (PCBs) .

2. :

BEQ - ;

GC - ;

HRMS - - ;

LRMS - - ;

LOQ - ;

MS/MS - -;

PCB - ;

(PCBs) - PCB 28, PCB 52, PCB 101, PCB 138, PCB 153 PCB 180;

PCDD - --;

PCDF - ;

QC - ;

REP - ;

RSDR- - ;

RSDr - ;

TEF - ;

TEQ - ;

TCDD - 2,3,7,8---;

U - .

3. :

1) - , , (). , TEQ, BEQ, , , , , TEQ-;

2) - , ;

3) , () - BEQ, TCDD PCB 126, , TEQ, . , -- (/ (PCDD/Fs)) , , ( ), TEF REP. ³, () , 䳿 ;

4) , , , S/N (/) 3:1 , , / ;

5) - () , ' , ' , ;

6) - , / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), 䳿. , ' . /- - (GC-MS). , , , () ;

7) - , ;

8) ' - , ;

9) - - , , . . , / , , ;

10) - , , / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) 䳿. /- (GC-HRMS) / - (GC-MS/MS);

11) () - () ;

12) - , , , . : , (≤ 30 ) ( ) , ;

13) 䳿 - , () , 03 2013 N 2013/711/ , ;

14) - , ;

15) - , ;

16) - , .

,   " "" , , , ' ".

4. ֳ ' :

1) , ;

2) ;

3) .

II. () , , ( (PCBs)) ( (PCBs))

1.

1. / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) (PCBs) , . ' , .

2. ³ / .

3. , () .

4. ϳ .

5. 50 1500 1 . 2 .

, . 20 .

6. ³ , , , . .

7. (') - 100 20 (100 20 ).

8. ̳ , ( ), 3 .

9. ' ' , .

10. , , ( ) , . .

11. (') ' 1 (1 ).

12. ' 12 .

13. ʳ ' , , 4 .

14. ϳ - , :

1) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs);

2) ' ;

3) , .

15. :

1) , (), ;

2) / .

16. ³ ( , , , ). , ' , , .

17. ³ () ,   ̳ 11 2018 N 490, ̳ 26 2018 N 1464/32916.

2.

1. , ( ) () / , ( ) 50 .

2. ʳ , , 8, 9 1 .

3. 1 .

4. , 1 , , ' .

5. ' 3 , , 100 , ' .

6. , , . ֳ .

7. 1 , 100 .

8. 1 6 , , .

9. 6 , () - ' .

, , ' , . 350 ( ): ', , ', .

3. ³ , /

1. / , 2 .

2. / ( 80 ), / . 񳺿 .

3. () / / 50 , :

1) / 50 , 100 , / , ;

2) / 100 , / , .

4. ³ 䳿

1. ³ 䳿 , 1 .

( ' , ), , ' , .

2. () / . , 6 , () .

3. () / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs), , , , ' .

4. () / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs), () , 1 6 .

5. () , 1 6 , / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs), () , 1 1 , ( , / ).

6. () 1 6 / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs), () , 1 .

7. () ( , , , ' ).

5. () ()

1. () () :

1) (PCBs):

, , , ' , (PCBs) (U), (PCBs), " ",   ̳ ' 13 2013 N 368, ̳ 18 2013 N 774/23306 (   ̳ ' 22 2020 N 1238) ( - ϳ);

, , , ' , , () (U), (PCBs),  ϳ.

() :

() - ;

.

:

2, 95 . , , , ' , , (U), (PCBs),  ϳ;

(CCa) () 2021/808 22 2021 () , , (), ,  г 2002/657/  98/179/ ( 2.6). , , , ' , (CCa).

() () ();

2) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) , , , ' , ():

"-" 5 , / (PCDD/Fs) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs),  ϳ;

, / (PCDD/Fs) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs),  ϳ, (U).

2. , / (PCDD/Fs), / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs).

3. , , , ' , () ( ()), (U), / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs),  ϳ.

() :

;

.

4. () , () , ' / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), ,  ϳ.

5. 2, 95 . , , (U), / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs),  ϳ.

/ (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs).

() () ().

6. 䳿 , . , () (U).

III. () / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs),

1.

1. , , :

1) 2, 3, 7, 8- -- / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs);

2) / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) , 㳺 , .

2. ():

1) , , , - / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) . ;

2) (, , 1 ). , ;

3) , , () TEQ BEQ;

4) "" () 񳺿 , ;

5) , () (), . / , / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) ;

6) () , / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) 䳿. , , ;

7) () , (), / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) ' (') . ' , , ().

3. / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) , :

1) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), 䳿.

(), , ' , " " ().

() - - (GC-MS).

ϳ () , / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) 䳿. / (PCDD/Fs) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), , / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs), () .

(BEQ), - - (GC-MS) - (TEQ). ʳ , / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) 䳿 () .

, :

;

();

/ (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs).

2) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) .

ϳ 䳿, , .

, :

;

;

;

䳿 / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs).

ϳ .

() - - - (GC-HRMS). / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) - -/ (GC-MS/MS).

4. (TEQ) (TTF), ', / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), (TEQ).

, / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) 䳿.

2.

1. () ,   " , , , ' ".

2. / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs)   ̳ 10 2019 N 10 " , -, , -, ".

3. , , , , , () .

3. / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs)

1. / (PCDD/Fs) (10-15 ) . (PCBs) (10-9 ) . PCB (PCBs) (, - ) (10-12 ).

2. / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) , , , . - (GC/MS) , , ( 2, 3, 7, 8- / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs)) .

/ (PCDD/Fs) / (PCBs). , , , , .

3. - (GC-MS) . ( : ) , () TEQ . ( , , , ) ( (RSDR), , ).

, ().

4. , 0,5×, 1× 2× () / ().

- () ( ) . (QC) ,
() , , .

5. LOQ ' , , . BEQ , . , , . , , S/N ().

(LOQ) ' .

6. TEQ BEQ, 5 , , TEQ BEQ ( / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs)).

7. - (GC-MS), . - (GC-MS), , 4 . 5 .

8. , , , .

9. (), . .

10. ϳ 20 TCDD 䳿, / , . . 25 () , , (). .

11. , 2 10 , .

12. 䳿. 5 .

13. ϳ 20 / , . , , , , 2 × (ML) 20 . , .

14. , 䳿. , .

15. () . ֳ . , (), . . , .

16. TEQ, BEQ.

, , , RSDr  , RSDR .

4. - (GC-MS)

1. , , 䳿, WHO-TEQ 20 .

2. ,  13C 2, 3, 7, 8- / (PCDD/Fs)  13C (PCBs) , , , . -- / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) ( , - , / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs).  13C 2, 3, 7, 8- / (PCDD/Fs)  13C (PCBs).

³ ,  13C .

, 10 , ' . , 10 , . 䳿, , , .

() - (GC-MS), ().

60 120 . , - -- , , TEQ 10 TEQ ( / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs)). - (GC-MS), 30 140 .

3. ³ / (PCDD/Fs) , (PCBs) , .

(< 25 1,2,3,4,7,8-HxCDF 1,2,3,6,7,8-HxCDF).

4. ij 䳿.

5. ϳ :

1) GC-HRMS:

HRMS , , 10000 10 ;

(2,3,7,8 TCCD) 200:1 20 fg, 2 ppm;

, .

2) -/ (GC-MS/MS):

(2,3,7,8 TCCD) 1 (500 ag ) 20;

-, - ();

15 ( ), MS/MS, , ;

( : , ), .

5.

1. . BEQ . , , , , () . / (PCDD/Fs) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) () / (PCDD/Fs). , 䳿, 䳿 .

BEQ, , .

2. ϳ TCDD ( (CV)). - , CV 15 . , ( ) ( ) . EC70 (70 ), , CV 15 . . .

. , , - , , ( ) CV < 15 .

3. , TCDD ( PCB 126 / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs)), BEQ , , .

8 - 12 ( ) ( ). . , R2  . (, ).

BEQ, ( ), ( BEQ 䳿). . , , , .

, , ( 0,5×, 1,0× 2,0× 䳿, , . , , . , 䳿, 䳿 .

4. / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) , / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) TEQ ( BEQ).

, (PCBs), PCB 126.

5. ϳ () 䳿 BEQ TEQ. () TEF, TEF REP (PCBs) (PCBs) / (PCDD/Fs). , / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), () : (PCBs), 20 60 , / (PCDD/Fs) 50 130 ( TCDD). (PCBs), / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) , () 30 130 .

6. . , , ( n = 3), . ³ 60 120 , , 10 TEQ .

7. ϳ BEQ, , , . . ( ) .

8. , / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) 䳿.

9. , 䳿. ֳ . , . ֳ .

10. , , , .

11. , , 0,5× 2× 䳿 , 䳿. BEQ .

12. ' () BEQ TEQ (, , , 0, 0,5×, 1× 2× (ML), (n = 24)). ( ) , / .

13. 䳿, 䳿, / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) , / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs). ( ), 95 , < 5 , RSD R < 25 . .

( BEQ) 16 .

14. 95 :

   

(1)

:

BEQDL - BEQ, , ML ;

y,x - ;

ta,f = m - 2 - ' (a = 5 , f = , );

- ( j);

- ;

xi - ( TEQ) I, ;

   - ( TEQ) ;

:

   

(2)

i = i.

15. ( ) () (n ≥ 6), , BEQ :

= BEQDL - 1,64 × SDR

(3)

:

SDR - () BEQDL, .

( BEQ, ) () (n ≥ 6), 䳿, , , 14 .

16. 95 , < 5 , RSDR < 25 :

95 ;

(n ≥ 6), BEQ:

 

. ( Q)

(BEQ);

95 %;

b = 5 %;

HRGC/HRMS (TEQ);

;

;

䳿;

;

䳿 BEQ;

BEQ.

BEQ, RSDR, /, , TEQ 䳿 , , . RSDR = 25 , 䳿.

17. , . 20 , 25 . BEQ .

18. ϳ , , .

19. , .

20. , , , ( ) 15 .

21. (), BEQ ( 䳿).

22. , , , . , , , , .

23. BEQ TEQ () 2 - 10 ( 20 ). , .

24. . , .

ϳ , .

6. ()

1. () , , ( - ()).

2. () / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs), TEQ, , . .

() , / (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) . , 0 - 2 ( ). '.

³ , , 2 4 , ( , ) .

, . , x +/- U, x , U 2, 95 . / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs).

, / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs),  ϳ.

3. () "" " " ("").

, / (PCDD/Fs) / (PCBs), BEQ ( TEQ). , , . , , , , BEQ.

() 䳿, .

() , .

() , (PCBs), (PCBs) . , , 0 - 2 ( ). '.

, , () 䳿, . / (PCDD/Fs) / (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) / .

(), ().

4. () - "" " " ("").

() 䳿, .

, / (PCDD/Fs) / (PCBs) TEQ, , .

, (/ (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs),  ϳ.

³ , , 1 5 , .

() -.

() , (/ (PCDD/Fs), (PCBs) . , , 0 - 2 ( ). '.

, , () 䳿, . (/ (PCDD/Fs) (/ (PCDD/Fs) (PCBs) / .

(), ().

IV. () (PCBs)

1.

1. , , :

1) (PCBs);

2) (PCBs) , 㳺 , .

2. , 2 1 III , (PCBs) .

3. (PCBs) / (GC-ECD), GC-LRMS, GC-MS/MS, GC-HRMS .

2. ,

1. , :

1) ( +/- 0,25 );

2) (PCBs) ( (PCBs), , , );

3) - :

HRMS;

LRMS;

-, MS-MS;

4) ( , ) () 15 ;

5) GC-ECD , , GC .

2. ( 0,5 2 ) ().

3. LOQ .

4. () -, () , , .

3.

1. :

1) - , , ;

2) ( ), ( ) , ;

3) (PCBs) :

;

60 120 ;

(PCBs) 10 , ;

4) , , :

() () ;

() 60 120 ;

;

5) . 60 120 .

2. (PCBs) 6 .

4. ()

1. () (PCBs) (PCBs), , .

2. () , (PCBs) . , , 0 - 2 ( ). '.

3. ³ , , 3 , .

4. , . , x +/- U, x , U 2, 95 .

5. , (PCBs),  ϳ.

 




 

1
() ,
( 5 1 II)


50 1500

,

< 50

-

≥ 50 ≤ 300

100

> 300 < 1500

3

≥ 1500

500

____________

 

2
() ,
( 5 1 II)


,

≥ 15

15 - 30

< 15

-

____________

 

3
() ,
( 8 1 II)

̳ , ( )

(') , ()

ʳ

< 50

3

50 500

5

> 500

10

____________

 

4
() ,
( 13 1 II)

ʳ
' ,

ʳ

ʳ '

1 25

1 1

26 100

5 , 2 2

> 100

5 , 10 10

____________

 

5
() ,
( 6 3 III)


TEQ BEQ

 

-

ϳ

1

< 5 %

-

-

- 20 % + 20 %

(RSDr)

< 20 %

-

(RSDR)

< 25 %

< 15 %

____________
1 

____________

 

6
() ,
( 2 3 IV)

(PCBs)

 

1

20 + 20 %

30 + 30 %

(RSDR)

≤ 15 %

≤ 20 %

г

≤ 20 %

≤ 20 %

____________
1   13C-

____________

 

 


 


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